Giving presentations is a big part of the business world and, for some, in their everyday lives. But, why does public speaking come so naturally to some people and others seem to collapse under the pressure? Some of it has to do with personality and self-confidence. But a lot of it has to do with how you prepare yourself.
Thanks to this recent article, “7 Tips for Performing Well Under Pressure” we found on INC.com, here are 7 tips for managing the pressures that can come when having to give a presentation.
Practice the basics. Run through your demo a number of times. Smooth out the kinks. Make sure you know it cold. Make sure you can perform it on autopilot–in a good way–so that some of your focus can be applied to reading the room instead of wondering, “Okay, what do I do next?” Then think about the most likely questions or interruptions. Rehearse what you’ll do if the client wants to see a certain function again. Rehearse what you’ll do if the client wants to know how a certain function applies to their processes. From the customer’s point of view, the best demos are interactive and informal–make sure you’re ready to present the demo as a conversation rather than a presentation.
Then rework the basics. All your initial practice will result in a set of logical steps: 1, 2, 3… To really know your stuff, change it up. Start with step 5. Start at the end and work backwards. Skip a couple of steps. Rehearsing a different order helps reinforce your knowledge of your material and also prepares you for those inevitable moments when the client says, “That sounds good so far… but what I really want to know is this.” When that happens you won’t need to say, “We’ll get to that later,” and frustrate your client because you’re fully prepared to get to it now.
Practice the “What if?” Once your presentation is in good shape it’s time to prepare for things that could cause you to freeze. What if your software locks up? Figure out what you’ll do. What if your client is delayed and you only get 10 minutes instead of 30? Decide how to shorten your presentation so you still hit key points. What if you get questions you aren’t able to answer? Decide how you will respond. Go ahead; go crazy. Think of some outlandish scenarios and decide how you’ll handle them. It’s actually kind of fun. Then…
Visualize. Athletes mentally rehearse; they imagine themselves performing an action. It works for them–and can work for you. There’s no need to make your product fail on cue so you can practice what to do. Just rehearse it in your mind. There’s no need to get a few friends to role play hijacking your meeting so you can rehearse how you’ll respond. Just picture it happening, and picture what you’ll do. Not only is visualization effective, it also has a calming effect: Picturing yourself succeeding is a great way to build confidence and self-assurance. That’s especially true if you…
Create solution shelves. Responding quickly is a skill that can be developed; that’s why the military, police, and emergency workers train relentlessly. There’s no need to think on your feet if you’ve already done the thinking. Stick your solutions on mental shelves, and when you’re faced with a tough situation, reach for the solution. Go back to your “What If” scenarios. If a key employee doesn’t show, what’s the solution? Stick the answer on your shelf. What if price is an issue before you even get a chance to start? Stick the answer on your shelf. What if the room you’re shown into isn’t appropriate for the demo? Stick the answer on your shelf. The more answers you prepare and shelve, the more you can rehearse and visualize. Instead of having to think on your feet, it’s stimulus-response. Stimulus-response is easy.
Learn from close calls. Say something goes wrong; your client doesn’t notice, but you realize it was a close call that could have ruined the presentation. Don’t just walk away relieved. Think through what you could have done–and add the solution to your mental shelf. Close calls are like gifts, because they let you learn painlessly.
Rinse and repeat everywhere. You can apply this approach to almost any situation, whether business or personal: Giving feedback, pitching investors, disciplining employees, dealing with confrontation, playing a sport, starting and building relationships… it doesn’t matter.
If you are in the Novi, Michigan area and are interested in receiving additional training on public speaking, you may be interested in our 2-Day course entitled High Impact Presentations. You may also have an interest in our online course entitled Successful Public Speaking. If you’re interested in improving your skills in public speaking, these programs will definitely help you develop and polish up your public speaking skills. Want more information? Please feel free to call us at 248-380-7000.
This post is brought to you by the good folks at Dale Carnegie Training of Michigan, providers of professional development and management development courses and information in Michigan. We would love to connect with you on Facebook and Twitter @MarkWillDCT.